Switzerland is a breathtaking country with its magnificent geography, which is home to beautiful natural wonders. Switzerland, one of Europe ‘s most prosperous countries, has many cities to visit and is a destination where traveling becomes a pleasure with a magnificent highway network.
Switzerland, which also hosts the world’s two global cities and economic centers, Zurich and Geneva, has the most reliable and systematic infrastructure in terms of finance. The country, which has maintained its neutrality in the international arena with the declaration of armed neutrality since 1815, did not join the United Nations until 2002.
Brief information about Switzerland 🇨🇭
Switzerland , officially the Swiss Confederation (German: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft), is a Western European country. Its capital is Bern. The country consists of 26 cantons with the capital Bern. The landlocked country lies between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura Mountains.
Located in one of the oldest settlements in Europe, Switzerland has existed since the adoption of the Swiss Federal Constitution in 1848. The oldest human trace in the country dates back to 50,000 years ago. The oldest agricultural settlement is found in 5 thousand 300 BC.
The Helvetii, one of the most important tribes living in the region during the Roman period, form the origin of Switzerland. The tribe, which was defeated by the Roman Empire, continued its existence as a Roman province for many years. I and II. Switzerland, which remained neutral during the world wars, hosts the headquarters of many international institutions and organizations, especially many organizations belonging to the United Nations.
The official languages of Switzerland are German, Italian, French and Romansh. The currency of Switzerland is Swiss Franc. The country is 1 hour behind Turkey. The population of Switzerland is 8 million 579 thousand. Christianity is the dominant religion in Switzerland and the majority of the population is Catholic and Protestant. Since the quality of education in the country is very high, almost everyone can speak English.
ⓘ To go to Switzerland, you must either have a Green Passport or obtain a Schengen visa . If you have not had any visa experience yet , my blog posts on How to Get a Visa and How Much Visa Fees will guide you.
ⓘ If you do not have a passport, read my Passport Types and How to Apply for a Passport . When you go abroad, you have to pay an international departure fee . If you think you’ll have trouble getting a visa, check out my recommendations for Visa-Free European Countries that don’t require a visa. Check out my detailed Visa Free Countries List blog post.
ⓘ How to find a suitable hotel in the Travel Guide category , visa/passport , life-saving smartphone applications blog posts can guide you to have a more affordable Switzerland vacation .
Where is Switzerland 📍
Switzerland is located on the European continent. With an area of 41,285 km², Switzerland is one of the smallest countries in Europe. Switzerland is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Located between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura Mountains, most of the country’s territory is located in the Alps.
ⓘ During your trip to Switzerland , try Airbnb , which I use frequently, where you can rent a room/house at an affordable price . By clicking here you will earn 22€ when you sign up for Airbnb. For hotel reservations, Booking is always my first recommendation. If you sign up for booking.com by clicking here , you will have a $15 discount ✔️
How to get to Switzerland ✈️
How to go to Switzerland by plane : There are direct flights from Turkey to Istanbul Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport to the Swiss cities of Basel, Zurich and Geneva. The flight time from Istanbul to these three cities of Switzerland is 3 hours. It is also possible to reach Switzerland by connecting flights from different European countries and by train or bus.
How to Get to Zurich ✈️ There are direct flights to Zurich from Istanbul Airport by Turkish Airlines and from Sabiha Gökçen Airport by Pegasus Airlines 7 days a week. The flight from Istanbul to Zurich takes 3 hours. You can reach the city center from Zurich Airport, which is 12 km away from the city center, by train, bus and tram.
How to Get to Geneva ✈️ Turkish Airlines has direct flights to Geneva from Istanbul Airport 7 days a week. The flight from Istanbul to Geneva takes 3 hours. Geneva Airport is located 5 km west of the city centre. You can reach the city center from the airport by train and city bus.
How to Get to Basel ✈️ There are direct flights to Basel from Istanbul Airport by Turkish Airlines, and from Sabiha Gökçen Airport by Pegasus Airlines 7 days a week. Basel Airport is located 6 km northwest of the city centre. You can reach the city center from the airport by train, tram and city bus.
How to get to Switzerland by train : Switzerland, with its geographical location in Europe, is located at an important crossroads in the east and west of Europe. The domestic railway of Switzerland, which can be reached directly by rail with many European countries, is also highly developed.
Switzerland is a country that stands out especially with its natural beauties. Rheinfalls, Europe’s highest flow rate waterfall, belongs to the natural wonders of Switzerland. You can take the funicular to Mount Pilatus, which is close to Lucerne, and enjoy the view from a height of 2166 meters thanks to this funicular, which is considered the most inclined vehicle in the world.
Zurich, a livable city with its regular streets and planned architecture, is the most popular settlement in Switzerland. After taking in the city air in Zurich, the most famous street of which is Istasyon Caddesi, you can visit the Grossmünster and Fraumünster Churches, which open to Lake Zurich and are surrounded by historical buildings on both sides. The city museums in Zurich, Swiss National Museum, Reitberg Museum and Toy Museum in Fortunagasse deserve to be seen.
If you want to experience a trip close to Italian culture in Switzerland, visit Lugano, Montreux, Lausanne and Geneva for French style, Zurich and Basel for German style settlements. Capital Bern, St. Moritz and Zermatt are also stops that must be visited on a Swiss trip.