Scotland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom in Great Britain. Scotland, which has a land border with England in the south , is a unique country with its green virgin geography, unique culture, interesting traditions and customs, cities with a medieval atmosphere and architectural structures. Scotland, itself an island nation, has about 790 islands, large and small, around it. The most famous of these natural wonders are Orkney, Skye, Arran, Fair, St Kilda, Mull, Barra, and Iona.
Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, is famous for its men wearing traditional kilts. The country where golf was born is identified with Scottish patriot William Wallace (Brave Heart), who raised the flag of rebellion against the British and fought for Scotland’s independence. The American-made heroic movie, which was released in 1995 and starring Mel Gibson, is the first thing remembered about the country when Scotland is mentioned in many parts of the world.
Brief information about Scotland
Scotland , with its untouched virgin lands, magnificent nature, red-haired people, and its leading position in sports, science and literature, is one of the countries with the most unique culture in Europe. In Great Britain, Scotland, one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom, is located in the north of the island of Great Britain. The country has a land border with England in the south.
The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent and sovereign state in Europe in the early Middle Ages. The state, which existed until 1707, joined the Parliament of Great Britain by entering into a political union with the Kingdom of England to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. With the transition to the British monarchy period, the country’s judicial system, which continues to use the symbols and system of the pre-union period, is also different from the United Kingdom.
Scotland, with an area of 77,900 km², is located in the northernmost part of the island of Great Britain, where it covers approximately 32.3 percent of the total area of the United Kingdom. Geographically divided into 3 main regions from north to south, these regions consist of the Highlands, which is a mountainous region, the Central Belt, which is close to sea level, and the Southern Uplands, which is a hilly land. Scotland, which is also an island country, has 790 islands and islets of various sizes, 130 of which are inhabited.
Although Scotland is not an independent country, it has its own flag, capital and parliament. In the country whose capital is Edinburgh, the capital is known for its medieval castles, historical buildings and lush green texture. The climate in Scotland, which is surrounded by sea on three sides, is quite harsh and cold, unlike the general of Great Britain. The average temperature in July and August, which are the hottest months in the country, is 15-20 degrees.
Three different languages are spoken in Scotland: English, Scots and Scots German. While almost everyone speaks English, 30 percent of the population also speaks Scottish. Most of the 11% who speak Welsh also speak English.
Free courses are offered so that the public can learn Scottish. The population of the country is 5.45 million, 59 percent of the country does not believe in any religion, while 37 percent belong to the Presbyterian sect of Christianity. The currency of Scotland is the British Pound.
ⓘ You need a UK visa to go to Scotland. If you have not had any visa experience yet , my blog posts on How to Get a Visa and How Much Visa Fees will guide you. If you do not have a passport, read my Passport Types and How to Apply for a Passport . When you go abroad, you have to pay an international departure fee .
ⓘ How to find a suitable hotel in the Travel Guide category , visa/passport , life-saving smartphone applications blog posts can guide you to have a more affordable Scotland holiday .
Where is Scotland 📍
Scotland is a European country located on the island of Great Britain in the European continent. Scotland, which is located in the northernmost part of the island of Great Britain, which covers 32.3 percent of the total area of the United Kingdom, has a land border with England in the south.
Scotland is bordered by the North Sea to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The Caledonian Canal connects the east and west coasts of Scotland. The country is geographically divided into three main regions. These are the Highlands, which is a mountainous region, the Central Belt, which is near sea level, and the Southern Uplands, which is a hilly terrain.
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How to get to Scotland ✈️
How to reach Scotland by plane : It is possible to reach Scotland by direct and connecting flights from Turkey . Turkish Airlines has direct flights from Istanbul Airport to Edinburgh 3 days a week. The flight time from Istanbul to Edinburgh is 4 hours and 20 minutes.
There are transportation alternatives to Edinburgh with KLM via Amsterdam, THY and Ryanair with Prague, Pegasus and Easyjet with Amsterdam, Pegasus and Wizz Air with Bucharest connecting to Edinburgh.
How to get from Edinburgh Airport to Edinburgh city centre : Edinburgh International Airport is 12 km from the city centre. There are trams, Airlink buses, taxis and car rental options to reach the city center from the airport. Tram and Airlink buses are the most economical way to reach the city center.
You can reach the city center in 30 minutes with the tram that departs every half hour from the airport. Tram ticket costs 7€. Airlink buses run every 15 minutes. It takes 30 minutes to reach the city center by bus. The bus ticket cost is 10€. It takes 17 minutes to reach by taxi and the taxi fare varies between 25-31€ depending on the destination.
Scotland places to visit
Scotland has a very rich nature with its lakes, mountains and rivers. Edinburgh, the capital city in the east of Scotland, is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe with its medieval and Georgian architecture.
The city, which hosts many historical and touristic textures, especially the castle, which is in a position overlooking the main street of the city, the Royal Mile, with its historical city center built on the rocks, is on the UNESCO World Heritage List with its Old Town and New Town (New Town) regions. is located in.
The street of the New Town district, known as Princess Street and hosting many world brands, is in a way the address that connects the old and new parts of the city. Edinburgh Zoo, which is a little further out of the city and famous for its pandas, is one of the main points of interest.
If you want to listen to your inner child, the zoo is ideal for spending a pleasant Sunday with its cute animals and tiny visitors. The Meadows is just one of the dozens of parks in the city with its rugby and cricket players, dog walkers, barbecues and endless greenery.
Another attraction of the city is Calton Hill. Don’t leave the city without climbing this hill, which is home to many monuments, and witnessing the breathtaking view of Edinburgh. If you can catch the sunrise or sunset here, it is inevitable that you will encounter an even more fascinating view.
When you come to Scotland, you can’t just see the capital Edinburgh and leave. Be sure to visit the country’s most famous lakes, Loch Ness and Loch Lomond. Loch Ness Lake is a place that has been the subject of legends and many books have been written about it. The famous character of the lake, Nessie, who is also mentioned in the legends, resembles a dinosaur.
The mountainous region surrounding northwest Scotland is called the Scottish Highlands. Ben Nevis, Britain’s highest mountain at 1100 meters, is also located in the Highlands region. More than 200 medieval castles have survived to the present day in Scotland, the country with the most satos in the world.
Among the castles you can visit in the country are Edinburgh Castle, Stirling Castle, Glamis Castle, Huntingtower Castle, Invereray Castle, Eilean Donan Castle, Culzean Castle, Lickleyhead Castle, Dundas Castle, Stonefield Castle, Barony Castle, Fostery Castle, Balmoral Castle, Dunna Castle, Dunna Castle. Kilchurn Castle, Inverness and Urquarth Castle.